Rao Jodhaji, the chief of the Rathore clan of Rajputs moved his capital from its vulnerable position in Mandore to its present location in 1459. He first built the Mehrangarh Fort and then fortified the city surrounding it.
In the early 16th century Rao Ganga Singh, one of his successors, joined hands with Rana Sangha, the great warrior king of Mewar against a common enemy, the Mughal Emperor Babur. During the reign of Babur’s grandson Akbar, a tenuous peace was reached following his matrimonial and military alliances with many Rajput kingdoms. This period of calm allowed Jodhpur to become a centre for the arts and culture.
By the end of the 18th century, after a period of political strife, Jodhpur emerged as the largest and most powerful of princely states. By the time of Indian independence in 1947, it was a much-respected progressive kingdom that merged with the Indian Union.